how is the catholic bible different from the protestant bible

how is the catholic bible different from the protestant bible

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That is why they initially included them. A third difference is the arrangement of the books (see below). In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. The history of the standing of these extra books is complex and obscure. The Roman Catholic Bible contains seven books that do not appear in most Protestant Bibles. Naturally enough, these late books, written in Greek, were included not in the original Hebrew Old Testament, but only in the Greek translation of it (called the “Septuagint”). The New Testament canon of the Catholic Bible and the Protestant Bible are the same with 27 Books. Protestants call them apocryphal books. Almost all Christians believe in the truths found in the Bible, but there are two different lists of what belongs in the Old Testament – the list used by the Catholic Church (and most Eastern Orthodox) and the list used by most Protestants. The result is that these versions of the Bible have more Old Testament books than most Protestant versions. Thus, for example, the very first edition of the King James Bible included the Old Testament Apocrypha; but after some Protestants objected, the second and subsequent editions excluded the Apocrypha. These differences among existing Bibles stem from the complex history of how our Bible came to be the way it now is. She points out that she knows that the Catholic Bible has more books, but wonders if the meanings of the words change as well. All of the books were written in Greek or Aramaic from the start. 7 Books! The differences between Protestant and Catholic translations of the Bible are in the Old Testament or Hebrew Scriptures. We have to go back in history to explain why. In early Protestant Bibles, the Deuterocanonical books had been placed together in a separate section between the Old and New Testaments. The designation of 'second canon', however, does not mean that these books were regarded as less canonical. So now, when an edition of the Bible says "with Apocrypha" on the cover, the extra books from the Septuagint will usually be placed between the Old and New Testaments or at the end of the Bible. While Protestant and Jewish Bibles have thirty-nine Old Testament books, the Bible used by Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christians include the thirty-nine books and several additional writings. Is our Old Testament the same as a Jewish Bible? Moreover, it divides its list of Old Testament books into four (Pentateuch, Historical books, Poetry/Wisdom and Prophets) rather than the three Jewish divisions of the Torah (Pentateuch), Nevi'im (Prophets) and Kethuvim (Writings). The Catholic Bible contains a total of 73 books, 46 in the Old Testament (Protestant Bibles have 39) and 27 in the New Testament (the same as Protestant Bibles). If not, why? The basic reason is that the Protestant leaders chose to accept only the books of the Old Testament accepted as canonical in Judaism, which they assumed was the Bible used by Jesus and the earliest Christians. It might be said that Protestants have a kind of hybrid Bible – the same number of books as the Jewish Bible but the order of books that are in the Greek and Latin Bibles. Answer: The difference between the Catholic version of the Bible and other translations is that it has additional books contained in the Old Testament that other translations (NKJV, NIV, etc.) And so, these extra books are now usually referred to as the deuterocanonical books, that is, a “second canon” (in Greek, deuteron means second). Then, in A.D. 70, warring peoples almost completely destroyed the sacred structure, which has never been rebuilt. We looked at some of these matters earlier. In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. Catholic vs. Protestant Bibles By Greg Witherow Catholic Bibles contain Old Testament books not found in Protestant Bibles and as such Catholics are sometimes asked to explain this discrepancy. Difference between Catholic and Protestant Bibles. © Copyright 2020 Catholic Exchange. This translation, called the Septuagint (from a Latin word meaning seventy, because 70 [or 72] translators were thought to have done the work, also referred to as LXX), took several centuries to complete. Catholic Exchange is a project of Sophia Institute Press. Indeed, the oldest copies of the Bible now known to exist are the Dead Sea scrolls of the Septuagint. But that term is inexact and conveys a sense that is not very helpful. Learn why Catholics and Protestants have different versions of the Bible. The differences between Catholic/Protestant approaches to the bible is that both camps err by not RIGHTLY DIVIDING THE WORD of TRUTH (2 Tim 2:15), Not true. It was rather a recognition that they were considered canonical at a subsequent stage. However, Protestant bibles contain 66 books while Catholic bibles include 73. The status of the extra books remained somewhat fluid in early Christian history, but most Christian writers used an Old Testament that included extra books until the time of the Reformation (sixteenth century). These added books in the Catholic Bible are known collectively as the Apocrypha. The Old Testament of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox traditions are not exactly the same list of writings either! The difference is in the Old Testament. The Protestant canon follows the Jewish canon which has twenty-four books, but it orders and counts them differently. One should note that the Bible is not just one book; it is a collection of books from writings to historical events. As it happened, some more late Jewish books were written not in Hebrew, but in Greek, because by then it was the common language of the Eastern Roman Empire. It is not clear what prompts their arrangement. Both the Jewish Bible and the Hebrew canon in a Protestant Bible (aka Old Testament) contain 39 books, whereas a Catholic Bible contains 46 books in the Old Testament. They are interspersed throughout the Old Testament. 39 books are contained within the Old Testament and 27 books in the New Testament. But even Catholics with an extensive knowledge of the Bible — and there are many now —have not always found it easier to discuss the Bible with Protestants or to state the biblical basis for Catholic beliefs. Thus, the difference is only prevalent in the Old Testament, with 39 books in the Protestant Bible and 47 books in the Catholic Bible. Like the original Hebrew scriptures, the Greek texts, which were known as the Septuagint, were not in a codex or book form as we're accustomed to now but were handwritten on leather or parchment scrolls and rolled up for ease in storage. For unknown reasons, its ordering of the books differed from the Hebrew Bible; the Septuagint also included deuterocanonical books, but their number was never fixed. While all 66 books in Protestant Bibles are found in the Catholic Bible, the Catholic Bible includes other additional books known as the deuterocanonicals/Apocryph. The Protestant canon has a total of thirty-nine books, and it is calculated by counting as separate books 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra-Nehemiah and each of the twelve minor prophets. Get started with Bible study here. These books are collectively called 'Deuterocanonical books' and are authoritative. Sometimes these extra books are called the Apocrypha, a word meaning “secret, hidden,” that is, not intended for public reading. King James Bible is the Protestant bible. It is comprised of two the COMPLETE Old Testament and the New Testament. With this background, we can now address why the Protestant versions of the Bible have less books than the Catholic versions. Our difference lies in the contents of the Old Testament where we have Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Wisdom, Sirach, Baruch and additions to Esther and Daniel. By then, however, the earliest Christians spoke and read Greek, so they continued to use the Septuagint or Greek version of the Bible for many centuries. These books and additions were written during the three centuries before Jesus. Essentially, the Roman Catholic Church’s denial of sola scriptura and its insistence that both the Bible and tradition are equal in authority undermine the sufficiency, authority, and completeness of the Bible. Catholics view the Bible as having equal authority with the Church and tradition, whereas, Protestants view the Bible as the supreme authority for faith and practice. St. Jerome saw the Hebrew translation of the Old Testament as the inspired word of God, while St. Augustine accepted a later Greek translation as God’s word. By comparison, the books of the Catholic Bible include all 66 in the previous list plus seven extra books. In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. Discussion: The most noticeable differences occur in the number of books included and the order in which they have been arranged. Thus to this day Catholic Bibles include the Old Testament Apocrypha, strictly Protestant Bibles exclude it, but certain “ecumenical” Bibles (such as The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha: Expanded Edition) include it as an appendix. Some Protestants use Bibles … As to why the Catholics have more books, it is a matter of ecclesiastical history. • One remarkable difference between Catholic Bible and King James Bible is the content. Away from their Temple and, often, from their priests, the exiled people forgot how to read, write, and speak Hebrew. So, as long as you choose an edition that does not add explanatory notes opposed to a Catholic perspective, any reputable translation of the New Testament is fine. After the Reformation though, some Christians decided to accept translations into Latin then English only from the Hebrew texts that the Jewish Bible contained, so the seven additional books in the Greek translation became known as the Apocrypha, meaning "hidden." The Old Testament of the Roman Catholic tradition, and also the Eastern Orthodox tradition includes a several writings more than in the Hebrew (Jewish) Bible or the Protestant Old Testament. The main reason for this is because Catholics and many Protestants have different starting points for interpreting the Bible. We go through the history of how the bible was changed to a Protestant Bible. Originally, the King James Bible as well as Catholic Bible had the books from Old Testaments, which are known as the Apocrypha or the Deutercanonicals. These extra books are usually called the “Apocrypha” (meaning “hidden books”), or “Old Testament Apocrypha” (since they are all included in the Catholic Old Testament), or “deutero-canonical” books (since they have only secondary authority), and include such books as I-II Esdras, Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach, Baruch, Susanna, Bel and the Dragon, I-IV Maccabees, etc. Question: What's the difference between a Catholic Bible and a Protestant one? In the Catholic faith, one of the big reasons we accept these books as canon is because of the authority we assign to the Septuagint. 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