With two active ingredients, Curtail M translocates deep down to the extensive thistle roots for effective above- and below-ground control. Dandelions in Finland are known by the collective name Taraxacum officinale, but they should really be spoken about in plural form because they are so diverse, comprised of about 500 micro-species in Finland alone. Being an annual weed, hawksbeard tends to be more susceptible to herbicides than perennial look-alikes such as dandelion. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Wild lettuce (Lactuca virosa), also known as “poor man’s opium” or “Lettuce Opium”, has been around for centuries. Curtail M provides the best in-crop, systemic action with trusted Group 4 chemistry to kill the roots of Canada thistle and other troublesome perennial weeds such as sow thistle and dandelion. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. Share on Pinterest. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. Common groundsel produces small, yellow flowers in clusters. When it’s young, like the photo above, you can eat it like any dandelion. The entire plant must be pulled, and even a small root fragment can regenerate as a new plant. Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. top Flowering can occur throughout the year. Milk thistle is often promoted for its liver … As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. However, it can also become abundant in flood plain areas and on wetlands. Common names- Sow Thistle/ Milk Thistle Botanical name- Sonchus oleraceus Identifying features- Yellow, dandelion-like flower. That’s because all three versions are tall weeds with yellow, dandelion-like flowers and stems that produce a milky sap. The plant body looks a lot like bull thistle but sow thistle has a number of small, yellow flowers rather than one bulbous purple or tan flower. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. This hardy weed grows up to five feet in height and spreads outwards, occupying areas that are needed by native plants”. Posted on March 20, 2013 by vanessa.corriher. Control. Removing perennial sow-thistle is tedious and time-consuming. Individual flowers are surrounded by green bracts with black tips. Without that piece of information, it could be a primula for all we know. ), field sow thistle (Sonchus arvenis) and dandelion (Taraxacum spp. Wild Lettuce is also known as opium lettuce, bitter lettuce, wild opium, horse thistle, China lettuce and prickly lettuce. Upper leaves are generally unlobed and widely spaced on the stem, though most leaves are confined to the lower half of the plant. However, once the plant sends up a stalk and begins to flower and put off seed, it makes for a quick and easy identification. Stems are erect, unbranched except in the flowers, lined or weakly grooved, and hairless below the flowers. Lactuca virosa (great or greater prickly lettuce) and Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce) have similar medicinal properties. The flowers are similar to the ones of dandelion but they do not grow as single flowers, and they are smaller. Can grow up to 1.5 metres Commonly confused with- Dandelion/ Thistle Ease of control- Selective herbicides Speedwell Reproducing by seed and from buds on widely spreading, creamy white, brittle, underground roots. It is rare for a plant to be so common, well-known and vigorously hated as dandelion. I would say it has two main look alikes- either it's close relative, the dandelion, but the difference is that dandelion's leaves all grow flat along the ground, and only have one flower per plant while sow thistle … This one can easily be mistaken for a dandelion when it’s young, but you’ll never make that mistake once the plant matures. Seeds are small, around 0.1 inches long with ridges on each side. It is native to Europe and western Asia. If you need help with plant identification, please contact your county noxious weed coordinator Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. Earlier in the plant’s life it will make a kind of basal rosette, which is prior to flowering or putting out seeds, which makes it difficult at first to distinguish between the Dandelion, Wild Lettuce, and Sow Thistle. The leaves change with time, from "chicory" style to a more complex design. Both are equally edible and tasty. Burdock preparations are widely used in alternative medicine preparations as a laxative and to treat skin conditions. It garnered its Latin prefix “lac,” which means milk, because of the plant… Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. They often have that blush at the base and serrated leaves. Sow thistle has no poisonous look-alikes. Sonchus asper, the prickly sow-thistle, rough milk thistle, spiny sowthistle, sharp-fringed sow thistle, or spiny-leaved sow thistle, is a widespread plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Also unlike bull thistle stem fibers, sow thistle fibers make poor cordage. To identify dandelion by leaf and stem ONLY, Samuel Thayer wrote the following key that differentiates four different plant greens that can be offered to wildlife patients, cat’s ear (Hypochareis radicata), wild lettuce ( Lactuca spp. Dandelions have spiky leaves and only a single flower from the rosette. Sow thistles have a leaf floret similar to the one of dandelion on the base, but it grows in height later. Dandelion Lookalike: Sow Thistle Sonchus Oleraceous. Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. Another dandelion look-similar is the sow thistle, Sonchus oleraceus. Many growers make no distinction at all between perennial and annual sow thistles. Sow Thistle vs. Dandelion Both are basal rosettes. Initial animal research conducted in 2016 found that silymarin caused weight … Sow thistle also has branched leafy flower stems but the flowers of sow thistle are larger than those of hawksbeard, and the leaves differ in shape. The plant has often been described as having a ‘ragged' or ‘scraggly' appearance. Thistle Root. Glossy, dark green leaves that look slightly spiky. Supports weight loss. If we knew whether the sap is clear or opaque white, that would at least place it in (or out) of the lettuce/sow thistle/dandelion group. My favorite way to eat sow thistle is to pick and steam the young plants before they've produced any flower buds. Issue Date: Sept 17, 2015 Perennial Sowthistle Weed versus Weed Prickly Lettuce (Sonchus arvensis) (Lactuca serriola) A pesky weed to some, a treasure trove of medicinal remedies for others, dandelion's use … Milk Thistle Protects Your Liver. Fruit: Fruit is dandelion-like plume of dark brown seeds with pure white hairs to carry them off in the wind. One very important difference is that the True Dandelion rarely grows in big paddocks, as does the False Dandelion. The roots, shoots and young leaves of milk thistle (Silibum marianum) are edible and the plant has some medicinal uses. Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle (Sochus tenerrimus) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae. The roots of burdock (Arctium lappa) are a staple of some Asian cuisines. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Both dandelion and milk thistle are considered herbs for the liver. “It looks like a giant dandelion. May Be Confused With May be confused with prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper), common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus), and though shorter, common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). Palmerston North, 4442, New Zealand, Site map They can grow virtually anywhere from cultivated ground, all kinds of soil and even cracks in concrete. Sow Thistles have the spade-shaped leaves and multiple flowers from each rosette. A problematic plant for agriculture, perennial sow-thistle tends to take over fields and reduce crop yield. 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