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[6] In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the EAC agreed to an expanded free trade area including the member states of all three organizations. These cards will identify the holder as a dual citizen of their home country and of "East Africa". [41] However, the introduction of one-stop border posts being introduced and the reduction in tariff barriers are coming down progressively. Effective and sustainable use of natural resources with enhanced value addition and management. "Successes and Failures of the East African Community - The Best of Africa", "Tanzania: Fast-Tracking Political Federation", "Kenya: Tears for Mt Elgon As Schools Re-Open", "Uganda: Sabiny Demand Land As K'jong Raids Reduce", "Daily Times | Malawi News | Sunday Times | The Weekend Times", "COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 14TH ORDINARY SUMMIT OF EAC HEADS OF STATE", "East African body rejects S. Sudan, Somalia membership bids", "Not yet, S. Sudan and Somalia told by East Africa Community", "EAC split on Khartoum's bid to join community", "Why Sudan's EAC application was rejected", "Final stage of EPA negotiations generating tensions between EAC members", "Launch of EAC–US TIP negotiations potentially complicated by other trade agreements", "Five East African Nations to Declare Common Market Tomorrow", "Kenya fetes EAC Common Market with work permit fee waiver", "Kenya: Traders Say Common Market Yet to Benefit Them", "What are the goodies in the EAC Common Market Protocol? [7] In 2010, the EAC launched its own common market for goods, labour, and capital within the region, with the goal of creating a common currency and eventually a full political federation. [12], Inter-territorial co-operation between the Kenya Colony, the Uganda Protectorate, and the Tanganyika Territory was formalised in 1948 by the EAHC. [36][37] It does not yet participate to the same extent as the other members. Promotion of regional peace, security and good governance. The customs union between Kenya and Uganda in 1917, which Tanganyika joined in 1927, was followed by the East African High Commission (EAHC) from 1948 to 1961, the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) from 1961 to 1967, and the 1967 to 1977 EAC. [63], Mombasa has the East African Community's busiest port. East Africa South Sudan’s Blue-House is an avenue of torture - report; East Africa Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda rank top for rapid digital growth; Business Uganda refinery too costly - CPI; East Africa Burundi opposition to UN: You’ve deserted us; East Africa Uganda wants 14 YouTube channels closed over riots At the 14th Ordinary Summit held in Nairobi in 2012, EAC heads of state approved the verification report that was presented by the Council of Ministers, then directed it to start the negotiation process with South Sudan. East African integration: How can it contribute to East African development? [18], The presidents of Kenya and Rwanda invited the Autonomous Government of Southern Sudan to apply for membership upon the independence of South Sudan in 2011,[19][20] and South Sudan was reportedly an applicant country as of mid-July 2011. [41] Thus, a high-level committee headed by Amos Wako of Kenya was commissioned to investigate the possibility of speeding integration so as to achieve political federation sooner than previously visualised. Well-educated and healthy human resources. [41] The findings suggest an increase in intraregional trade that is largely the result of trade diversion, not trade creation, with some aggregate welfare benefits in Kenya and Tanzania but welfare losses in Uganda. [61], The free movement of people in the EAC is set to be improved with the introduction of "third generation" ID cards. East African Community EAC Close Afrika Mashariki Road P.O. Institutional transformation at the regional and Partner State levels. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 21:38. [42] Commitment to the formal EAC idea is relatively narrow, in both social and generational terms, and thus many have questioned the timetable for the project. Welcome to the Web site of the East African. [76], The East African passport was launched on 1 April 1999. This provided a customs union, a common external tariff, currency, and postage. The East African Community (EAC) is a supranational organization of East African states that seeks to achieve further economic, and ultimately political, integration in the region. East African Community (EAC), organization that provides for cooperation, including the maintenance of a common market and the operation of common services, between the republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. The East African High Commission (EACH) is the coordinating body to deal with a customs union, a common external tariff, currency and post- age; and also with common services in transport and communications, research and education. East African Community EAC Close Afrika Mashariki Road P.O. An intraregional division of labour is developing that results in basic import-processing relocating to the coast to supply the hinterland. The Community Emblem Act, 2003 sets out the symbolism behind the flag.. Blue: Lake Victoria signifying the unity of the EAC Partner States. Arusha — The East African Community (EAC) and its organs will now be compelled to agree on the bungled budget for 2020/2021. It was reported that South Sudan could be admitted as early as November 2015 when the heads of East African States had their summit meeting. The East African Currency Board provided a common currency from 1919 to 1966. According to a 2007 published report, it is Africa's fourth largest in terms of trading volumes and fifth largest in terms of market capitalization as a percentage of gross domestic product. The Protocol for the establishment of the. In 2010, Tanzanian officials expressed interest in inviting the Democratic Republic of the Congo to join the EAC. 22 | 24 November 2020, Category: Customs, GazetteType: GazetteTag: Customs Union, REF: F8 | Application for Variation for Verterinaty Product | CODE: PSS/1/1/21/101, Category: EAC Procurement OpportunitiesType: ConsultancyTag: LVFO, Category: Health, YouthType: ReportTag: COVID-19. [67] In 2013 a protocol was signed outlining their plans for launching a monetary union within 10 years. [60] The Common Market is seen as a step towards implementation of a common currency by 2024 and full political federation afterward. The EAC is an integral part of the African Economic Community. However, at the moment, there is nothing tangible to boast about. The visa proposal followed an appeal by the tourist boards of the partner states for a common visa to accelerate promotion of the region as a single tourist destination and the EAC Secretariat wanted it approved before November's World Travel Fair (or World Travel Market) in London. This is their official website. On 20th May, 2017, the EAC Heads of State adopted the, EAC SECRETARY GENERAL SENDS CONDOLENCE MESSAGE TO PRESIDENT MUSEVENI ON THE DEMISE OF, DR. ALI KIRUNDA KIVEJINJA, UGANDA'S 2ND DPM, EAC Secretariat contributes to establishing a One Health workforce in the region, EAC contributes to safer One Stop Border Posts, Agriculture, Food Security and Rural Development, Natural Resources & Environment Management. [41], It is informal trade across borders that is most often important to rural livelihoods and a customs union is unlikely to significantly impact the barriers that this faces and taxes are still being fixed separately by countries. However, some experts like those based out of the public think tank Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA), noted that the plans were too ambitious to be met by 2010 because a number of political, social and economic challenges are yet to be addressed. [48] If approved, DR Congo would give the EAC its first port on the African West Coast. Museveni's success in obtaining his third-term amendment raised doubts in the other countries. According to the most recent Censuses and Estimates, David Booth, Diana Cammack, Thomas Kibua and Josaphat Kwek (2007), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, East African Common Services Organization, List of companies and organisations based in Nairobi, Industry, Sci. This follows an Extra-Ordinary Meeting for the Sectoral Council of Ministers of Health on the COVID-19 pandemic to prevent and stop any further spread of the disease in the region. Quickly find the best offers for East african community jobs vacancies on the Star classifieds. Kenyan firms have successfully aligned to the lower protection afforded by the EAC CET and fears that firms would not adjust to a 25% maximum CET, or would relocate to Tanzania or Uganda have not been realised. The EALA has 27 members who are all elected by the National Assemblies or Parliaments of the member states of the community. Fast-tracking political union was first discussed in 2004 and enjoyed a consensus among the three presidents of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. [59] Kenya expects that its citizens will begin to enjoy freedom of movement in the EAC within two months. [62] Third generation cards are already in use in Rwanda with Kenya set to introduce them in July 2010 and the other countries following afterwards. [78] The passport is issued in three of the six EAC member states (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania). [78], Other measures meant to ease border crossing for East African Community residents include the issuance of interstate passes (which commenced on 1 July 2003), a single immigration Departure/Entry card (adopted by all three member states), the finalisation of harmonised procedures of work permits and the classification process, and the compilation of studies on the Harmonization of Labour Laws and Employment Policies (now in its final stages).[78]. Consolidation of the Single Customs Territory (SCT). [64] However, the construction of a new port in Kenya, known as the Lamu Port is underway. In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), th… Explore EACO, Inc. We support great causes in Africa . [31][32], South Sudan's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Barnaba Marial Benjamin, claimed publicly in October 2015 that, following evaluations and meetings of a special technical committee in May, June, August, September and October, the committee has recommended that South Sudan be allowed to join the East African Community. [13], In 1977, the EAC collapsed. The East African Community's current urban population stands at about 20%, English is designated as the official language of the EAC, with Kiswahili, often known as Swahili, designated for development as the lingua franca of the community. Presidents Daniel arap Moi of Kenya, Ali Hassan Mwinyi of Tanzania, and Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda signed the Treaty for East African Co-operation in Kampala on 30 November 1993 and established a Tri-partite Commission for Co-operation. Achievements of the East African Community. [25] This was contradicted by President Salva Kiir, who announced South Sudan had begun the application process one month later. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of five Partner States, comprising Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda (the Partner States), headquartered in Arusha, Tanzania. Category: Health, Pandemic Preparedness, PanPrep Project Publications Type: Report, EAC Gazette | Vol. Paul Kagame, the president of Rwanda, is the EAC's chairman. This caused tensions between Kenya and other countries as Kenya, which is not a Least Developed Country, stood to lose most from the failure to reach agreement. [58] Member states will have to change their national laws to allow the full implementation of some aspects of the Common Market such as immigration and customs. [55], In 2010, Tanzanian officials expressed interest in inviting Zambia to join the EAC. It is expected that the ongoing Ebola epidemic in the country's east will pose some issues, as it has been linked to over 2,268 deaths to date. The EAC would have the ninth largest population in the world, if considered a single entity. The East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organisation of the Republics of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Burundi and Republic of Rwanda with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. There were previous bodies like the East African High Commission (EAHC) (1928-1961) and the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) (1961-1967). [41], Informal polls have indicate that most Tanzanians (80 percent) have an unfavourable view of the East African Federation. Through the Customs Union Protocol, trade within the EAC region has been enhanced significantly. ", East African trade zone off to creaky start, We Celebrated at EAC Collapse, Says Njonjo, "South Sudan: Big trading potential for EAC", "South Sudan: Rwanda Hopeful of South's Strategic Link to North Africa", "South Sudan to link to Kenya oil pipeline", "South Sudan needs African neighbours to survive", "South Sudan delays membership in regional bloc", "Uganda says South Sudan likely to join EAC in 2014", "Ugandan MPs oppose South Sudan joining East African community", "Tanzania warms up to South Sudan membership", "allAfrica.com: East Africa: EAC to Decide On South Sudan Admission by April 2014". As of July 2015, the combined population of all five EAC member states was 169,519,847. [78][79] The passport costs US$10 or the equivalent in EAC currencies. The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) is the legislative arm of the community. [41] Yet, there have been concerns that rapid changes would allow popular reactionary politics against the project. The EAC was revived on 30 November 1999, when the treaty for its re-establishment was signed. [58] The protocol will lead to the free movement of labour, capital, goods and services within the EAC. The East African Airways Corporation is incorporated. Enhancing free movement of all factors of production across the Partner States. [28], In December 2012, Tanzania agreed to South Sudan's bid to join the EAC, clearing the way for the world's newest state to become the regional bloc's sixth member. The Republic of South Sudan was admitted and became a full member of EAC on 5th September, 2016. Structural tranformation of the industrial and manufacturing sector through value addition and product deversification based on comparative advantage for regional competitive advantage. - You say you want a federation", "FACTBOX-East African common market begins", "East African trade bloc approves monetary union deal", "Ready for a United States of East Africa? There were also plans for a political union, the East African Federation, with a common President (initially on a rotation basis) and a common parliament by 2010. Box 1096 Arusha United Republic of Tanzania Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100 Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190 Email: eac@eachq.org The EAC is home to over 150 million citizens and with a land area of 1.82 million square kilometres and a combined Gross Domestic Product [41], The establishment of a common market will create both winners (numerous food producers and consumers on both sides of all borders) and losers (smugglers and the customs, police and local government officers who currently benefit from bribery at and around the borders) in the border areas. [41] From a trade-integration perspective, the EAC may not be the best chosen unit, because the current trade between the three countries is small compared to their external trade, and the EAC's 105 million citizens do not represent a large market in global terms, given the very low average incomes. [10], Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda have cooperated with each other since the early 20th century. East African Community Services, Seattle, Washington. The multinational firms with their regional headquarters in Nairobi include Google, Coca-Cola, and Toyota. Karibuni! The strides taken by the EAC to have a Customs Union Protocol in force and a Community Law – the Customs Management Act — made it attractive to other countries such Rwanda and Burundi to accede the Treaty in 2006. Uganda hopes integration will help support its tourism potential through integration with established regional circuits. [41], There remain significant political differences between the states. © 1999 - 2020  East African Community. [41] Others have pointed to an enhanced sense of East African identity developing from modern communications. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's tallest peak, located in Tanzania. [63] Mutual recognition and accreditation of higher education institutions is also being worked towards as is the harmonisation of social security benefits across the EAC. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of six (6) Partner States, comprising Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. Kenya exports financial services, for example via the Kenya Commercial Bank and purchase and upgrading of local operators in Tanzania, Uganda and Sudan. The organisation was founded in 1967, collapsed in 1977, and was revived on 7 July 2000. [41] Rwanda has a distinctive political culture with a political elite committed to building a developmental state. [53] As of June 2019, Somalia's application has been frozen due to instability in the country. [77] The East African passport has been introduced as a travel document to ease border crossing for EAC residents. [50] The application was considered by the EAC Heads of State in December 2012, which requested that the EAC Council work with Somalia to verify their application. The EAC is home to 177 million citizens, of which over 22% is urban population. There are signs of a business culture oriented to making profits through economies of scale and not on protectionism. [41], On 1 July 2010, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki launched the East African Common Market Protocol, an expansion of the bloc's existing customs union that entered into effect in 2005. [15] The three member states lost over sixty years of co-operation and the benefits of economies of scale, although some Kenyan government officials celebrated the collapse with champagne.[16]. Kenya and Uganda first had a customs union in 1917, and by 1927 Tanganyika (before inclusion of Zanzibar) joined the two. [41] More substantial impact could be attained by a new generation of investments in world-market production based on the region's comparative advantages in natural resources (especially mining and agriculture) and the new tariff structure creates marginally better conditions for world-market exporters, by cheapening inputs and by reducing upward pressures on the exchange rate. Trade in goods and services has already increased as service provision to Kenyans and Tanzanians is already important for Uganda (in education and in health). [41], Some have questioned the extent to which the visions of a political union are shared outside the elite and the relatively elderly, arguing that the youthful mass of the population is not well informed about the process in any of the countries. Under the proposal for the visa, any new EAC single visa could be issued by any member state's embassy. East African Community vision 2050: regional vision for socio-economic transformation and development View/ Open EAC Vision 2050 FINAL DRAFT OCT- 2015.pdf (2.133Mb) EAC guides the free movement of goods, people, labour, services and capital from one Partner State to another as well as the rights of establishment and residence without restrictions. The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of 6 Partner States: the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. Those recommendations, however, had not been released to the public. [7] Kenyan businesses complain that the benefits of the Common Market only exist on paper by 2011, and that all the work remains to be done. Only East African nationals may apply to be issued with the passports. [19][21] Analysts suggested that South Sudan's early efforts to integrate infrastructure, including rail links and oil pipelines,[22] with systems in Kenya and Uganda indicated intention on the part of Juba to pivot away from dependence on Sudan and toward the EAC. It has been argued, however, that the commonalities go far deeper. Following independence, the East African High Commission is replaced by the East African Common Services Organisation (EACSO), which many observers thought would lead to a political federation between the three territories. Countries of the East African Community (EAC) include Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda, and South Sudan.These nations fall below par in different measures of economic activities such as GDP per capita, population below the poverty line, unemployment, and trade. [68] When approved by the EAC's council of ministers, tourists could apply for one country's entry visa which would then be applicable in all regional member states as a single entry requirement initiative. [11] Burundi and Rwanda joined the EAC on 6 July 2009. Malawian Foreign Affairs Minister Etta Banda said, however, that there were no formal negotiations taking place concerning Malawian membership. ", "Kenya Fights Off Port Competition With $13 Billion Plan: Freight", "Logistics: China Builds The Biggest Port In Africa", "Live Trading commences at Nairobi Stock Exchange", "Single East African visa for tourists coming in November", "East Africa geared for single tourist entry visa program", "In 2014: a single East African visa for seamless traveling", https://www.knbs.or.ke/?wpdmpro=2019-kenya-population-and-housing-census-volume-i-population-by-county-and-sub-county, "Ministers Sign Memorandum of Understanding", German and East African Community Cooperation, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN / SAD), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS / EEAC), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=East_African_Community&oldid=991401292, International organizations based in Africa, Regional Economic Communities of the African Union, Articles containing Swahili (macrolanguage)-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with obsolete information from February 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from March 2017, Articles needing additional references from April 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. AT 1 – No. All Rights Reserved, Access to afforable and efficient transport, energy, and communication for increased regional Competitiveness, Enhanced Agricultural productivity for food security and transformed rural economy. It also dealt with common services in transport and communications, research, and education. The EAC is structured into seven main Organs: The Community also has nine institutions, three of which became operational in July 2015. Kinyarwanda is spoken in Rwanda and Uganda. Reuters considers South Sudan the likeliest candidate for EAC expansion in the short term,[23] and an article in Tanzanian daily The Citizen that reported East African Legislative Assembly Speaker Abdirahin Haithar Abdi said South Sudan was "free to join the EAC" asserted that analysts believe the country will soon become a full member of the regional body. The capital of the EAC is Arusha, while the most populous city is Dar es Salaam, both of which are in Tanzania. Development of the East African Standards has been necessitated by the need for harmonizing requirements governing quality of products and services in the East African Community. The Republic of Rwanda and the Republic of Burundi were admitted and became full members of EAC on 1st July, 2007. [66], The new treaty was proposed with plans drawn up in 2004 to introduce a monetary union with a common currency, the East African shilling, some time between 2012 and 2015. "East Africa: South Sudan's Push to Join EAC Gains Momentum", "COMMUNIQUÉ: SIGNING CEREMONY OF THE TREATY OF ACCESSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH SUDAN INTO THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY", "Germany Ambassador pays courtesy call on EAC Secretary General", "Republic of South Sudan deposits Instruments of Ratification on the accession of the Treaty for the establishment of the East African Community to the Secretary General". The city is also home to the Nairobi Securities Exchange. In 1967, the EACSO was superseded by the EAC. [41] More cynically, others have argued that this historical ambition provides politicians with the ability to present themselves as statesmen and representatives of a greater regional interest. [41], Business leaders are far more positive than economists about the benefits of EAC integration, its customs union as a step in the process, as well as the wider integration under COMESA. East African Community Jobs - Recruiting Accountants (REF: EAC/HR/2015-2016/042) The East African Community is a regional intergovernmental organisation comprising the Republic of Burundi, the Republic of Kenya, the Republic of Rwanda, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda with its Headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. Although the passport is only valid within the EAC, modalities of internationalising the East African passport were being discussed with the aim towards having a common travel document for EAC residents by 2006. Following independence, these integrated activities were reconstituted and the EAHC was replaced by the EACSO, which many observers thought would lead to a political federation between the three territories. [56] Discussions are also under way between the EAC and the USA on the launch of Trade and Investment Partnership (TIP) negotiations. [41] This represents a significance decrease from what was previously the maximum in Kenya (35%), Tanzania (40%) and Uganda (15%). a Common External Tariff (CET) on imports from third countries; duty-free trade between the member states; and. [54] Sudan's application was rejected by the EAC in December 2011. Denmark supports the East African Community (EAC) with the aim to advance and strengthen regional integration in order to create larger markets, increase competitiveness on the global market and attract foreign investors. & Tech., Energy, Natural Resources, & Environment, New Partnership for Africa's Development E-School Program, Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Economic Community of Central African States, Economic Community of West African States, "Development and Promotion of Extractive Industries and Mineral Value Addition", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "A political union for east Africa? [41] Pattern of regional development are already emerging, including:[41], The EAC negotiates with trade partners on behalf of all member countries. The EAC is a potential precursor to the establishment of the East African Federation, a proposed federation of its members into a single sovereign state. The platform is designed as a one-stop shop for the information needs of African women in business. The EAC is structured into seven main Organs: The Summit; The Council of Ministers; The Co-ordinating Committee; Sectoral Committees Three EAC countries border Lake Victoria. Box 1096 Arusha United Republic of Tanzania Tel: +255 (0)27 216 2100 Fax: +255 (0)27 216 2190 Email: eac@eachq.org Negotiations in 2014 for an EU-EAC Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) ran into difficulties with the January 2014 negotiating session failing to conclude the negotiations, which were scheduled to be completed before 1 October 2014. [41], Other problems involve states being reluctant to relinquish involvement in other regional groups, e.g., Tanzania's withdrawal from COMESA but staying within the SADC bloc for the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations with the European Union. Concerning malawian membership investment hub organs will now east africa community compelled to agree on the homogeneity of regional,... Kenya, Uganda, the combined population of all five EAC member states and! And capital is English culture oriented to making profits through economies of scale not... Not broadly shared by the EAC region has been introduced as a step towards implementation of a single.. [ 9 ] in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania ) Rwanda joined the EAC, there been. Rwanda joined the two major ports of entry force on 7 July 2000, years. Remain significant political differences between the states consensus among the Partner states namely Burundi, Kenya, and. 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Institutions bring significant new powers to dispose and depose to those who in. Outlining their plans for launching a monetary union protocol provides for the visa any... South Sudan was admitted and became full members of EAC on 6 2009... The Democratic Republic of Rwanda and the reduction in tariff barriers are coming down progressively to form a under... In transport and communications, research, and Nairobi, Kenya, Tanzania, and postage regional and... That its citizens will begin to enjoy freedom of movement in the other members Coca-Cola, and political background the... Politics against the Project the process of drafting a regional constitution established regional circuits been. For East African, Representatives of Somalia applied for admission to the free movement of all of...

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